The Bible-New Testament-St John

St. JOHN—–

The author of the book is John Zebedee, the brother of James. John identifies himself on five occasions in his Gospel (13:23; 19:26; 20:2; 21:7,20). Altogether, John writes five books in the New Testament: the Gospels, three epistles, and the book of Revelation. John wrote his Gospel sometime after the destruction of Jerusalem, between A.D. 88 and A.D. 90. Along with his brother, JAMES, and with Peter, he belongs to the inner circle of disciples, a group that was near Christ on such occasions as the transfiguration and the agony in Gethsemane. It was John that our Lord on the cross commended His mother. John appears with Peter in the first part of the ACTS and is referred to by Paul as one of the three “pillars” of the Church (Galatians 2:9).

It has 21 chapters, 879 verses, and 19,094 words.

The style and vocabulary of the Gospel match the three epistles that John wrote later. John’s favorite expression, “I am”, shows up again and again in the writing, seven times to be exact. John presents Jesus Christ as “the Son of God”. Instead of tracing Christ’s human genealogy back to Adam as Luke does, or tracing His Jewish genealogy back to Abraham as Matthew does, John traces Christ’s genealogy back before Genesis 1:1.

The outstanding thing about John’s Gospel is that the writer is familiar with all the Pauline epistles, which were completed at least 10 years before John began to write.

This book presents the most powerful case in the entire Bible for the deity of the incarnate Son of God. “A Man called Jesus” (9:11) is also “Christ, the Son of the living God” (6:69).

The deity of Christ can be seen in His seven “I am” statements.

I am the bread of life (6:35, 48)

I am the light of the world (8:12; 9:5)

I am the door (10:7,9)

I am the good shepherd (10:11,14)

I am the resurrection and the life (11:25)

I am the way, the truth  and the life (14:6)

I am the true vine (15:1-5)

On certain occasions, he relates Himself to the Old Testament I am’s (4:25-26; 8:24,28,58; 13:19)

The 4th Gospel has the clearest statement of purpose in the Bible; 20:31

31  But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

The key verb in John is “believe”, and requires both knowledge (8:32; 10:38) and volition (1:12; 3:19; 7:17). Volition means to act or make a decision.

In addition to the 7 “I am’s”, there are 7 miracles of Jesus, each focusing on a dimension of His deity.

Water and wine (2;1-11)

Healing an official’s son (4:46-54)

Healing the sick man at Bethesda (5:1-15)

Feeding the 5,000 (6:5-13)

Walking on water (6:16-21)

Healing the blind man (9:1-7)

And raising Lazarus from the dead (11:1-44)

It interesting to note that we have 7 “I am’s” and 7 miracles in the book of John. Seven is the number that represents “perfection or completion”. Could it be that God is telling us in the book of John that Jesus is perfection and furthermore, the completion of our coming to God?


This concludes the Gospels. The first 3 are written for a particular purpose: Matthew to present Jesus as the Messiah, Mark presents Jesus as a Servant, and Luke presents Jesus as “the Son of Man”. John is in a class by itself. John presents Jesus as the “Son of God”, much of the material is not in the first three Gospels. We must keep in mind that these Gospels are historical documents of genuine authenticity and full integrity, even the book of John of, which is sometimes totally spiritualized, contains historical integrity.

I realize that John 3:16 is by far the most popular verse cited, to me the stand out verse(s) is John 1:1-5. It established Jesus as God! Some of the key stand out words are: beginning, Word, God, with, All, Him, Life, light, and darkness.

The spiritual application is Jesus is God. He made everything that is. He is greater than darkness.


Secular application is Jesus is God and that he with us. He is our life and light.



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