The Bible-New Testament-Matthew

Let proceed to walk through the New Testament. We will begin with the first 4 books of the New Testament. They are called the Gospels. This is from “god and spell”, Angelo-Saxon, good message or news. Many wonder why the Gospels contains 4 different Gospels (accounts) of the one authentic gospel (the good news of salvation in Jesus Christ). Probably one account wouldn’t cover everything about Jesus Christ’s life and ministry, as 4 accounts give a complete picture of who Jesus was. Each account was given from a unique perspective on His life.

These first four books are Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, in that order. These books address the following areas of Jesus Christ’s life: 1. The first 30 years of his life, 2. Beginning of His Ministry, 3. Early Judean Ministry, 4. The Galilean Ministry (various periods), 5. Perean Ministry, 6. The Passion Week and 7. From the resurrection to the Ascension.

All of these areas give us a look at the life of Jesus Christ.

 

MATTHEW

The author is “Matthew the publican”, who is also called “Levi”. The Gospel of Matthew is a book that makes the transition from the Old Testament to the New Testament. Some scholars put the date of the writing around 66 A.D. but given Matthew’s emphasis to the Jews, it could be the book was written as early as 37 A.D. There is no indication that Matthew was familiar with Paul’s revelation. Matthew was one of the 12 disciples.

The Gospel of Matthew contains 28 chapters, 1,071 verses, and 23,684 words.

Though Matthew’s message was for all mankind, Jews and Gentiles alike, his writings are directed at the Jews. In view of this, He primarily directs the Good News to his oppressed Jewish Kinsmen. Remember at this time in history, the Jews were under the control of Rome. As a result of this, the book of Matthew is linked with the Old Testament. He quotes and alludes to the Old Testament more than all the other New Testament writers, showing how Jesus fulfilled the prophecies of the coming Messiah. Instead of using the term “Kingdom of God”, Matthew uses the term “Kingdom of Heaven.” This “kingdom of heaven” is mentioned 32 times in Matthew and reflects the coming messianic kingdom foreseen by the prophet Daniel (Dan. 2:44). Matthew cites many Old Testament prophecies show that Jesus fulfills them, rightfully claiming the mantle of Messiah.

The distinctive features are:

  1. The complete Genealogy of Christ (1:1-17).

It’s interesting to note that patriarchal genealogies did not mention women as a rule. Here we see the exception. Thamar (tamar) bore her sons by dressing as a prostitute, seducing her grieving father-in-law (Genesis 38). Rachab(Rahab) did not just dress like a prostitute, she was one. Ruth was from the nation of Moab, a country that originated from an incestuous encounter between Lot and one of his daughters (Genesis 19:30). Solomon, the son of King David, was born a result of an adulterous affair (II Samuel 11).

The mention of these women was shocking. This honesty underscores the Bible’s credibility.

  1. Incidents and Discourses found only in the Gospels.

Chapter 2: the visit of the Magi (vs 1), the flight into Egypt (vs 13,14), the slaughter of the Innocents (vs 16), the return to Nazareth (vs 19-23).

Chapter 3: the coming of the Pharisees and Saducees to John the Baptist (vs 7).

Chapter 5-7: the sermon of the Mount

Chapter 11:28 “Come unto me, all ye that labor”

Chapter 14:28-31 Peter walking on the sea

Chapter 23: the denunciation of the Pharisees as an extended Discourse

Chapter 26:15 the 30 pieces of silver received by Judas

Chapter 27 the return of the 30 pieces of silver, vs 3-10, the dream of Pilate’s wife (vs 19), the appearance of resurrected saints (vs 52), the watch at the sepulcher (vs 64-66)

Chapter 28 The bribing of the soldiers (vs 12,13), the earthquake (vs 2), the Great Commission (vs 19-20)

Miracles found only in Matthew:

Chapter 9:28-30 the 2 blind men healed

Chapter 17: 24-27, the tribute money

 

Parables found only in Matthew:

Chapter 13: the tares (vs 24), the hid treasure (vs 44), the goodly pearl (vs 45), the draw net (vs 47)

Chapter 18: the unmerciful servant (vs 23)

Chapter 20: the Laborers in the vineyard (vs 1-16)

Chapter 21: the two sons (vs 28-32)

Chapter 22: the marriage of the king’s son (vs 1-14)

Chapter 25: the ten virgins (vs 1-13), the talents (vs 14-30), the sheep and the goats (vs 31-46)

 

In conclusion, the book of Matthew scripturally establishes/verifies the kingship and messiahship of our Lord Jesus Christ. To this effort, it is mainly directed to the Jews though the applications apply to the gentiles also.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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