The Bible-Luke

THE BOOK OF LUKE

The author is Luke, “the beloved physician” (Col. 4:14). He was with Paul on his trips in Acts (Acts 16:10-17, 20:5, 21:18, 27:1-7), and he was with  Paul when Paul was executed (II Timothy 4:11).

The place of authorship isn’t fixed.  Luke was written to Theophilus (an unknown person). Some suppose it was written in Greece, Caesarea, or Palestine. Luke was with Paul when he was detained in Caesarea (Acts 21:17-18). That would give him some time to talk various disciples and other folks who saw what Jesus did firsthand (Luke 1:2).

Apparently Luke was a Gentile convert, the only non-Jewish author of a Bible book!

From Luke’s own writings we know he was a well-educated, a skilled writer, a careful historian, and an inspired theologian. When he wrote his Gospel, the Gentile church apparently had no complete or widely circulated Gospel about Jesus. This Gentile purpose is apparent throughout the Gospel; for example, he traces Jesus’ human genealogy back to ADAM (3:23-27) and not just to ABRAHAM as did Matthew. In Luke, Jesus is clearly seen as the divine-human Savior who came as God’s provision of salvation for all of Adam’s descendants.

The gospel of Luke was written some time before Acts was written, which is apparent from Acts 1:1-3. So it was probably written between A.D. 58 to A.D.60.

Luke contains 24 chapters, 1.151 verses, and 25,939 words.

Luke presents Jesus Christ as the “Son of man” instead of the “Son of God”. He puts the emphasis on Christ’s human nature, whereas John puts it on His divine nature.

You’ll notice the special Gentile emphasis that Luke puts into his record, like the parable of the Pounds. Additionally, notice the constant exchange of the term “kingdom of heaven” in Matthew and “kingdom of God” in Luke, indicating the exposure he has had to Paul’s ministry. Paul was converted to Christ around A.D. 36.

Luke is the only Gospel that includes the parable of the Good Samaritan and the Prodigal Son, and the story of Lazarus and the Rich man. He’s the only Gospel writer to mention the conversion of the dying thief or the preparations for the births of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ.

There several distinctive features:

  • It is a Gospel of the Universal Grace of God (2:32; 3:6; 24:47)
  • It is the Gospel of “the Son of Man”. It emphasizes Christ’s sympathetic attitude toward the poor, the lowly and the outcast. (7:37; 6:20; 10:33; 15:1)
  • It is a Devotional Gospel; it especially emphasizes prayer. Contains 3 parables on prayer(11:5-8; 18:1-8; 18:9-14), contains Christ prayer (3;21; 5;16; 6;12 9;29, 11;1)
  • The early chapters creates a tone of joy and praise. (1:28-33; 1:46-55)
  • It greatly honors womanhood. In chapter one, Mary, Elisabeth, Martha are mentioned.
  • The biography of Christ. Luke is more complete in its description of Christ than in other Gospels. About ½ the material in this book is not found in other Gospels.

 

Select verse: 10:27   And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.

Cross reference: Deuteronomy 6:4

Application: this is the attitude that we should have has a born again Christian, the place Jesus should hold in our hearts.

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